Hinokitiol shows promising antimicrobial activities against S. sclerotiorum

Yonghui Qiao et al., International Journal of Food Microbiology

Sclerotinia rot infected by cosmopolitan fungi Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a serious and destructive disease in carrot production, especially during their postharvest storage.

Natural products with the advantages of environmentally friendly and safety have been widely concerned.

This research estimated the impact of hinokitiol (*) against S. sclerotiorum and on the quality of carrots.

In vitro and in vivo tests demonstrated that hinokitiol had promising antifungal activities against both carbendazim-susceptible and -resistant isolates of S. sclerotiorum.

Importantly, it effectively kept the quality and prolonged the shelf life of carrot by declining the loss of weight, ascorbic acid, carotenoid, and total phenolics content, preventing the formation of malondialdehyde, and enhancing the activities of antioxidant enzymes.

Further study found that hinokitiol inhibited the formation of sclerotia by destroying the morphology and the integrality of cell membrane, reduced the pathogenicity by suppressing the synthesis of oxalic acid and exopolysaccharide, declined the activities of enzymes and the gene expression related to sclerotia development in S. sclerotiorum.

These information evidenced the great potential of hinokitiol as a natural fresh-keeping agent for the management of postharvest decay infected by S. sclerotiorum.

(*) Hinokitiol is a natural monoterpenoid found in the wood of trees in the family Cupressaceae. It is a tropolone derivative and one of the thujaplicins.
Postharvest sclerotinia rot control in carrot by the natural product hinokitiol and the potential mechanisms involved
Yonghui Qiao, Mengwei Zhang, Yuxuan Cao, Qianqian Mi, Shen Liang, Juntao Feng & Yong Wang
International Journal of Food Microbiology, Volume 383, 16 December 2022, 109939

Picture, uploaded by Greg J. Boland, https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Mycelium-of-Sclerotinia-sclerotiorum-erupting-from-the-crown-of-a-stored-carrot_fig6_249304208
Mycelium of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum erupting from the crown of a stored carrot originally infected in the field and a sclerotium formed on top of the root.

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